A Simple Guide To Tyre Mounting and Balancing
Tyre mounting and balancing is an essential skill that every driver should have. This will help keep tyres properly aligned. If you ignore unbalanced tyres, this could lead to quicker and uneven tyre wear. In addition, it could lead to increased fuel consumption and difficulties controlling the steering wheel.
If you're a new driver or if you'd like to start handling car maintenance tasks yourself, you may want to learn how to replace and align the tyres of your vehicle. It may seem like a challenging task, but this article provides you with a run-down of how to go about it.
1. Check The Tyres
When you replace your tyres, check the ones with worn tread. In many cases, the tyres of a vehicle have irregular wearing, and one or both of them may have bulges. Press the tyres slightly to see if they wobble. You should be careful of having tyres with these conditions, as these can usually lead to difficulty driving, especially when swerving or making turns.
Before you attempt to tackle tyre balancing yourself, you may want to go to a reliable tyre shop Sydney to check the mounting and replacement process. This can give you a better idea of machine-assisted tyre mounting and balancing. The technicians may even provide you with tips and techniques to keep your tyre balanced and intact in the long run.
If you're doing an emergency tyre replacement, however, you can use a car jack and do the replacement the simple way. You can check if it's properly mounted and balanced once you're able to bring the car to a car repair shop.
2. Do Match-Mounting
After attaching the tyres, you should look for the dot or mark of maximum radial force variation, a property of a tyre that affects braking, steering, and traction. The marks may differ between different models and types, so you may need to refer to the manufacturer's information. Some use red dots, while others have written marks for the points.
If there are no marks, you can opt to use the weight method. The working principle of the weight method is that the point of lightest weight on the tyre must align with the tyre assembly's heaviest point.
3. Attach The Tyres To A Balancing Machine
For this step, you'll need a balancing machine to ensure the alignment of your tyres. You can spin the wheels to see whether they're balanced or not. If the tyre is loose or wobbly, you should press it closer to the base. While you're at it, you may also need to check if there's dirt buildup in the tyres that should be removed, and you should check the beads for cracks and creases.
In modern balancing machines, automatic measurements are taken when the wheels are properly attached. In other models, you will be prompted to enter the wheel dimensions yourself, which include the following information:
- Offset: The distance between the balancer and the point of inner weight location.
- Width: The diameter of the wheel at the rim lips.
- Diameter: The wheel's width as declared by its manufacturer.
4. Use The Hood
Lower the hood so you can spin the wheels and gauge the balances. Then you can correct the distances and balances to follow the prescribed measurements. In many cases, you'll have to apply corrective measures until the weight reading becomes 0.00. You can then stop spinning the wheels and raise the hood.
5. Inflate The Tyres
Once the tyres are balanced, you can start to inflate them. In many cases, the recommended tyre pressure ranges from 32 to 35 psi. As much as possible, you need to gauge the pressure when the tyres are cold, as they have fluctuating pressure when they're hot.
Should You Do It Yourself Or Go To A Tyre Shop?
While handling the mounting and balancing yourself is cheaper than going to a tyre shop, the latter could provide better installation. However, if you only require a single tyre replacement, you can do the mounting yourself. For better results, you may want to buy the necessary equipment, such as a balancing machine. It may be expensive, but if you'd rather handle the mounting and balancing yourself most times, then it could prove to be a good investment.
Proper tyre mounting and balancing is necessary to keep your tyres and vehicle in excellent running condition. It helps distribute your tyre weight evenly so you can drive safely and smoothly.
While most drivers may only pay attention to their tyres during mounting and replacement, you should check your tyres regularly for signs of wear and unbalance. If you notice any of these signs, you can take immediate action. If the weight difference is minor, you can choose to DIY the replacement, using the tips mentioned above. On the other hand, if the unbalances cause you to feel unusual vibrations when you drive, you should consider going to a tyre shop.